The ceremony sees human participants, dressed as bears, being woken by drummers (Ychüblete) and released into the Old Town.
The carnival takes place before lent and has origins dating back to a 16th century peasants revolt (having been banned in the 16th century and only reinstated in 1982). Revellers then take to the streets, with bands of musicians (Guggenmusik-Cliques) following a 6-kilometre course around Bern’s arcades.
The next Bern Carnival (aka the Berner Fasnacht) will take place between 15 and 17 February 2018.
The facades of many of the museums are floodlit, with visitors able to see over 40 museums on a single ticket. They include the Swiss Alpine Museum, the Botanical Garden, the Federal House, the Prison Tower, the Kunstmuseum, the Museum of Communication and the Natural History Museum.
The next Museum Night will take place on 16 March 2018, with tickets costing CHF25. Tickets include free use of public transport and entry to a travelling museum, erected in front of the Hotel Bellevue Palace, displaying 90 vintage cars from seven decades.
The Festival first took place in 1976 and has seen performances by Jazz greats such as B.B. King, Michel Camilo, Dizzy Gillespie, Oscar Peterson, Ella Fitzgerald and Etta James.
The festival begins in March each year and lasts about 10 weeks, with performances of Jazz, Blues and Soul music taking place in Marians Jazzroom, the Tierpark, the Concert Theatre and the National Theatre.
The 2014 Festival closed with a special tribute to Duke Ellington, performed by Terri Lyne Carrington, Ellis Marsalis, Johnaye Kendrick and Bob Wilmer. 2016 saw the 41st edition of the Festival, with headliners including the T S Monk Sextet and the Brubeck Brothers.
The 2018 Festival (the 43rd edition) will, as usual, take place between March and May. The lineup will be announced in February 2018, with tickets on sale at Hotel Innere Eng and Marians Jazzroom. Buy your tickets early: over 20,000 jazz lovers attend the festival each year.
The ten-mile main course takes in the major attractions of Bern’s Old Town, including the Bear Pit, Nydebbrucke, Clock Tower, City Hall and River Aare.
There are two other courses: the Old GP (4.7 miles) for fun-runners and the Bears GP (1.6 miles) for children. In total, the event attracts about 25,000 runners each year.
The event attracts the world’s best runners. In 2013, the Ethiopian Haile Gebreselassie won the main race in a time of 46 minutes 59 seconds. The Kenyan Cynthia Kosgei won the women’s race. The 2014 men's race was won by Eritrean Tadesse Abraham whilst Kosgei again won the women's event. 2016 saw Ghirmay Ghebreslassie win the men's event in 47 minutes exactly and Charity Kiprop win the women's race in 56 minutes 52 seconds.
The 2018 event, the 35th Bern Grand Prix, will take place on 19 May 2018. Registration is likely to close in mid-April 2018.
The Gurten Mountain, 15 minutes to the south of Bern, is 864 metres high (about 400 metres higher than Bern's Old Town) and offers great views of Bern, the Alps and the Jura. The Gurten also hosts the Gurtenfestival each July.
Held over 4 days in July, the Gurtenfestival includes over 60 international acts and as many DJs playing a wide range of music from pop to funk, country and blues. Swiss musicians also perform, on the Waldbuhne stage.
The next Gurtenfestival will be held between 11 and 14 July 2018. The line-up has not been confirmed, but past years have seen the likes of Lenny Kravitz, Snow Patrol, Kate Nash, Brandon Flowers, the Kings of Leon, the Kaiser Chiefs, Muse, Massive Attack and Prodigy
In 2009 the headlining act was Oasis, their last performance before their August 2009 breakup.
Most festival-goers prefer to take the Gurtenbahn funicular from Wabern to the top of the Gurten.
It sees the streets of Bern lined with impromptu stages and musicians, dancers, mimics, comedians, puppeteers and acrobats performing for free.
The 2013 festival saw the Danish Alex Bart's Marionette Show, La Andariega's Cuban Children's Dance Theatre, a swing and dance ban from Buenos Aires, stone sculptures by David Stricker and Funny Bones, a Japanese and British street comedy group.
The 15th edition of the Buskers' Street Music Festival took place between 9-11 August 2018.
Starting at 5am, this traditional festival comes complete with 50 tonnes of red and white onions woven into pretty braids, tresses and wreaths.
The tradition dates back to the 1850s, when farmer's wives from Murten came to Bern on St Martin's Day to sell their produce. Hearty winter meals are on sale, such as cheese and onion tarts, onion pie (Zwiebelkuchen), onion sausages and onion soup, together with mulled wine at the Gluhwein stand.
The market comes to an end at about 4pm, following a confetti battle between local children. This year the Onion Market will be held on 27 November 2017.
Centred around Bern's atmospheric Old Town, the markets are a sensory experience: the glow of Christmas lights; the sound of locals singing carols; the smell of traditional mulled wine (Gluhwein) and sizzling sausages; and the taste of Christmas fare on sale, such as stollen and brunsli (Christmas brownies).
The main markets are to be found in Munsterplatz and the nearby Waisenhausplatz. Many visitors praise Bern's markets for the quality of the local arts and crafts on sale. Be sure to make restaurant reservations well in advance over the festive season.
This year, Bern's Christmas markets run from 1 to 24 December 2017 with New Year's Markets running between 27 and 29 December 2017.